Residents of newly occupied areas in Cape Town struggle to maintain a dignified life without water, electricity and sanitation services.
Land occupiers whose homes in Empolweni and Ethembeni were wrecked by the flood of sewage have appealed to the City of Cape Town for help but the City is refusing.
A video showing Bulelani Qolani being dragged naked by the police went viral, attracting widespread condemnation. He says that he was treated in the most inhumane way possible.
49 of the approximately 170 families forcibly removed from Empolweni informal settlement have re-built their homes, thanks to a court ordering their return.
Backyarders from Makhaza who occupied land near Empolweni were evicted and their houses demolished by law enforcement.